华西医学

华西医学

世界卫生组织《医疗机构耐碳青霉烯的肠杆菌科细菌、铜绿假单胞菌和鲍曼不动杆菌防控指南》介绍

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耐碳青霉烯的肠杆菌科细菌、铜绿假单胞菌和鲍曼不动杆菌是医院感染的重要病原体,并在最近几年内广泛扩散。为预防和控制此类耐药菌在医疗机构内传播,2017 年世界卫生组织组织编写了《医疗机构耐碳青霉烯的肠杆菌科细菌、鲍曼不动杆菌和铜绿假单胞菌防控指南》。该文将从指南编写的背景、编写过程、主要防控措施、优缺点等方面进行介绍,希望能帮助广大感染预防和控制从业人员落实指南,切实降低这些多重耐药菌的医院感染。

There is a worldwide consensus that urgent action is needed to prevent and control multi-drug resistant organisms in health care settings, especially carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) and carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPsA). In 2017, to focus on this topic, World Health Organization organized experts worldwide to develop guidelines for the prevention and control of CRE, CRPsA and CRAB. In this paper, we introduced the background, development process, main measures, advantages and disadvantages of the guidelines to help infection prevention and control practitioners take actions properly based on the guidelines.

关键词: 耐碳青霉烯肠杆菌科细菌; 耐碳青霉烯铜绿假单胞菌; 耐碳青霉烯鲍曼不动杆菌; 世界卫生组织; 防控指南

Key words: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae; Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii; Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa; World Health Organization; Guidelines

引用本文: 乔甫, 宗志勇. 世界卫生组织《医疗机构耐碳青霉烯的肠杆菌科细菌、铜绿假单胞菌和鲍曼不动杆菌防控指南》介绍. 华西医学, 2018, 33(3): 259-263. doi: 10.7507/1002-0179.201803013 复制

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