华西医学

华西医学

骨科医务人员深静脉血栓形成的知信行调查研究

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目的 调查骨科医务人员对防治深静脉血栓形成(deep venous thrombosis,DVT)相关知识、预防态度及预防实施现状,初步探讨 DVT 知信行的薄弱环节。 方法 2017 年 12 月—2018 年 2 月采用便利抽样的方法从四川大学华西医院骨科 204 名医务人员中抽取 158 名进行问卷调查。调查问卷主要包括一般资料及 DVT 学习基本情况、DVT 相关知识、预防态度及预防实施 4 个部分。调查对象涉及医生、护士、康复师及营养师 4 类医务人员。 结果 共发放调查问卷 158 份,收回有效问卷 150 份,有效问卷回收率 94.9%。150 名骨科医务人员 DVT 基础知识得分为(6.45±1.83)分,危险因素得分为(13.29±3.38)分,干预态度得分为(9.57±0.78)分,预防实施情况得分为(23.33±5.85)分。 结论 骨科医务人员 DVT 预防知、行水平中等,DVT 干预态度水平较好,知、行方面各有特点及薄弱环节,有必要定期对医务人员开展 DVT 相关知识培训,以提高医务人员防治 DVT 的专业水平。

Objective To investigate the status of the knowledge, attitudes and intervention behaviors in medical professionals in the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and explore the weak links in knowledge-attitude-practice of DVT. Methods From December 2017 to February 2018, a convenient sampling method was used to extract 158 medical professionals out of 204 medical professionals from Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital of Sichuan University. The questionnaire included the general information and basic situation of DVT learning, the knowledge of DVT, intervention attitude and implementation of preventive measures. The survey involved orthopedic doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists and nutrition managers. Results A total of 158 questionnaires were distributed and 150 valid questionnaires were completed. The effective questionnaire recovery rate was 94.9%. The mean score of basic knowledge of DVT was 6.45±1.83, the mean score of risk factors was 13.29±3.38, the mean score of intervention attitudes was 9.57±0.78, and the mean score of prevention implementation was 23.33±5.85. Conclusions The knowledge-practice of DVT intervention in orthopedic medical staff is moderate, and the attitude of DVT intervention is better among medical staff. There are various characteristics and weaknesses in knowledge-practice. It is necessary to regularly carry out knowledge about DVT among medical staff to improve the professional level of medical staff to prevent and treat DVT.

关键词: 深静脉血栓形成; 医务人员; 知信行; 现状调查

Key words: Deep vein thrombosis; Medical staff; Knowledge-attitude-practice; Investigation

引用本文: 朱娟, 宁宁, 陈康, 朱红彦, 李成燕, 李晔, 李佩芳. 骨科医务人员深静脉血栓形成的知信行调查研究. 华西医学, 2018, 33(12): 1500-1506. doi: 10.7507/1002-0179.201808012 复制

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