华西医学

华西医学

老年人平衡功能评估与训练研究新进展

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平衡能力是人体保持姿势与体位、完成各项日常活动的基本保证,也是老年人的一项重要身体素质指标。平衡能力不足可能导致老年人发生跌倒,继而引起骨折、长期疼痛、颅脑外伤、残疾、失能甚至死亡等严重不良后果。在中国快速人口老龄化和大力倡导医养结合的背景下,改善老年人的平衡能力,是预防老年人跌倒的有效手段,并且对减少老年人意外伤害具有重要意义。该文综述了国内外老年人平衡功能评估与训练的方法及最新进展,以期为制定改善老年人平衡功能的干预方案提供参考,从而提高老年人的生活质量,并为实现健康老龄化开辟新路径。

The balance ability is the basic guarantee for the human body to maintain the posture and complete every daily life activity, and it is also an important physical quality index for the elderly. Insufficient balance ability may lead to falls among the elderly, which may lead to fractures, long-term pain, craniocerebral trauma, disability, and even death and other serious adverse consequences. Under the background of China’s rapid aging population and the strong advocacy of the combination of medical care and nursing, improving the balance ability of the elderly is an effective way to prevent the elderly from falling down, and is of great significance to reduce the accidental injury for the elderly. In this paper, the methods and the latest progress of balance function evaluation and training for the elderly at home and abroad are reviewed in order to provide reference for the formulation of intervention programs to improve the balance function of the elderly, so as to improve the quality of life of the elderly and open up a new path for the realization of healthy aging.

关键词: 老年人; 平衡功能; 评估; 训练

Key words: The elderly; Balance function; Evaluation; Training

引用本文: 谭敏, 胡秀英, 刘祚燕. 老年人平衡功能评估与训练研究新进展. 华西医学, 2019, 34(1): 86-90. doi: 10.7507/1002-0179.201809124 复制

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