华西医学

华西医学

抓住机遇,将我国眼健康提高到一个新水平

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40 年来我国的眼健康取得了明显的进展,为我国进一步提高眼健康水平打下了良好的基础。我国是一个发展中的大国,在进一步提高眼健康水平方面还面临着诸多的挑战,包括人口众多和老龄化加剧,与年龄相关的眼病不断增加;我国仍然是世界上盲和视觉损伤患者数量最多的国家之一,防治眼病任务繁重;眼科医疗资源总量不足、质量不高、分布不均的问题依然存在。“十三五”时期是我国实施全国眼健康规划的关键期和机遇期。政府对公众健康,包括眼健康高度重视,提出了建立健康中国的目标,这是推动我国普遍眼健康的极大机遇。在推进眼健康中我们应当抓住重点,50 岁及以上人群是做好眼健康的重点人群,农村、中西部地区以及贫困、教育程度不高的地区是眼健康的重点区域,白内障和未矫正屈光不正是当前防治的重点眼病。

The great progress achieved in eye health in the recent forty years laid the foundation for further promoting the eye health in China. China is a developing country and is facing some challenges in eye health, including: with the huge population and aging, the number of age-related eye disease is increasing; China is still a country with the most blindness and moderated and severe visual impairment; the resource of the ophthalmic service is insufficient and maldistributed. The " Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period is a key period and an opportunity period for the eye health. The central government pays more attention to the national health, including eye health, and proposes the goal of building a healthy China. That is a great opportunity for further promoting eye health. We should get to the points in promoting the eye health: people aged fifty or above are the priority population, rural and poverty areas and the mid and west regions are the priority areas, and cataract and uncorrected refractive error are the priority eye diseases.

关键词: 眼健康; 视觉损伤; 机遇

Key words: Eye health; Visual impairment; Opportunity

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