近视的低龄化和高发化已引起党和政府的高度重视，2018 年 8 月 30 日，教育部等八部门联合出台的《综合防控儿童青少年近视实施方案》提出了各方面应作出的行动和具体措施，尤其提到了医疗卫生机构应该配合家庭、学校等方面一起努力，降低近视的发病率。医疗机构应该做好：建立青少年视力档案，以针对性、个性化做好近视防控；规范诊断治疗，做好青少年屈光检查和矫正，坚决打击商业性近视“治疗和矫正”；加强近视相关健康教育，消除近视防控的误区和错误认识。视光师应在近视防控中起重要的作用，加快视光学人才的培养，呼吁国家尽早建立视光学人才的职称体系和职业准入标准。
Early onset and high incidence of myopia has caused great concern of the Party and the Government. On August 30th 2018, eight ministries and commissions, such as the Ministry of Education, jointly issued the Comprehensive Prevention and Control Implementation Scheme of Child and Adolescent Myopia, which put forward the actions and specific measures to various aspects, and particularly mentioned that the medical and health institutions should work together with families, schools, etc, to reduce the incidence of myopia. Medical institutions should do a good job in the following items: setting up visual archives for adolescents, so as to prevent and control myopia with pertinence and individualization; standardizing the process of diagnosis and treatment, doing a good job in refractive examination and correction of adolescents, and resolutely combating the commercial "treatment and correction" of myopia; strengthening myopia-related health education, and eliminating erroneous understanding to myopia prevention and control. Optometrists should play an important role in the prevention and control of myopia, speed up the cultivation of optometry talents, and call on the state to establish a professional title system and professional access standards for optometry talents as soon as possible.
引用本文： 马薇, 刘陇黔. 新形势下医疗机构如何做好近视防控. 华西医学, 2018, 33(11): 1349-1351. doi: 10.7507/1002-0179.201811082 复制