华西医学

华西医学

低位直肠癌预防性横结肠造口术后相关并发症的护理

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目的 探讨直肠癌低位、超低位前切除并行横结肠预防性造口术后其并发症的护理对策。 方法 对2011年12月-2012年5月收治的43例低位直肠癌行预防性横结肠造口患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,并就其发生并发症的原因及护理方法予以总结。 结果 43例患者均在直肠癌前切除术后行预防性横结肠袢式造口术。术后拔管时间2~5 d,造口排气时间19~73 h,均未出现吻合口瘘,但发生造口脱垂1例,造口回缩1例,造口周围皮肤疾病2例,经积极治疗护理后均痊愈出院。 结论 术后精心护理对降低横结肠造口术后并发症,提高患者生活质量,改善预后十分重要。

关键词: 结肠袢式造口术; 造口治疗; 术后并发症; 护理

引用本文: 呙宇兰,梁涛,覃清梅,印义琼. 低位直肠癌预防性横结肠造口术后相关并发症的护理. 华西医学, 2013, 28(4): 579-581. doi: 复制

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