华西医学

华西医学

当前医院感染预防与控制热点与难点问题探讨

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医院感染管理近年来发展迅速,各类标准及指南不断颁布,使医院感染预防与控制工作更加规范化及科学化。随着循证方法应用于管理中,医院感染防控的相关研究也日益增多,不断更新感染防控的理念,甚至挑战旧观点。手卫生的改革、多重耐药菌及手术部位感染的防控为近几年国内外的研究热点。同时,全基因组测序的应用也为了解病原菌在医院内的传播提供了更多的依据。该文结合近几年发表的一些高质量研究报道,探讨了医院感染防控中的热点与难点问题。

Healthcare-associated infection management has advanced rapidly in recent years. With the development of more standards and guidelines, infection control measures become more standardized and evidence-based. Evidence-based measures are increasingly applied in infection control, which promote more studies on the prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections. Furthermore, more new ideas of infection control have emerged, with old ones being challenged. The hand hygiene reform, multidrug-resistant organisms, and surgical site infections become the hot topics in recent years. In addition, whole-genome sequencing also provides more bases for understanding pathogen transmission in hospitals. Based on the high-quality studies published in recent years, this opinion review discusses these hot topics in the prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections.

关键词: 医院感染; 管理; 研究进展

Key words: Healthcare-associated infection; Management; Research progress

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